Cash dividends per share in CHF 3. Personnel cost 4, 5. Full-time equivalent associates at year-end 5. Novartis had a Dividends for through were approved at the respective AGMs and dividends for will be proposed to the Annual General Meeting on February 28, for approval. USD millions.
Other current assets. Non-current assets. Assets of disposal group held for sale 1. Assets related to discontinued operations 2. Total assets. Trade accounts payable. Other current liabilities. Non-current liabilities. Liabilities of disposal group held for sale 1. Liabilities related to discontinued operations 2.
Total liabilities. Issued share capital and reserves attributable to shareholders of Novartis AG. Total equity. Total liabilities and equity.
Novartis Earnings 2018-12-31
Outstanding share capital. Total outstanding shares millions. Financial Statements — Note 2 Significant pending transactions. Cash dividends per share. Because we pay dividends in Swiss francs, exchange rate fluctuations will affect the US dollar amounts received by holders of ADRs. Year earned. Month and year paid. Total dividend per share CHF. Total dividend per share USD.
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This translation is an example only, and should not be construed as a representation that the Swiss franc amount represents, or has been or could be converted into US dollars at that or any other rate. Our businesses face significant risks and uncertainties. Our business, as well as our financial condition or results of operations, could be materially adversely affected by any of these risks, as well as other risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or not currently considered material.
Risks facing our business. Our products face losses of intellectual property protection.
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Major products of our Innovative Medicines Division, as well as certain products of our Sandoz and Alcon Divisions, are protected by patent and other intellectual property rights, which provide us with exclusive rights to market the products, and give us an opportunity to recoup our investments in research and development.
However, the strength and duration of those intellectual property rights can vary significantly from product to product and country to country, and they may be successfully challenged by third parties or governmental authorities. Loss of market exclusivity for one or more important products has had, and can be expected to continue to have, a material adverse effect on our results of operations. The introduction of generic competition for a patented branded medicine typically results in a significant and rapid reduction in net sales and operating income for the branded product because generic manufacturers typically offer their unpatented versions at sharply lower prices.
Such competition can occur after successful challenges to intellectual property rights or the regular expiration of the term of the patent or other intellectual property rights. Such competition can also result from the entry of generic versions of another medicine in the same therapeutic class as one of our drugs or in another competing therapeutic class, from a Declaration of Public Interest or the compulsory licensing of our drugs by governments, or from a general weakening of intellectual property laws in certain countries around the world. We also rely in all aspects of our businesses on unpatented proprietary technology, know how, trade secrets and other confidential information, which we seek to protect through various measures, including confidentiality agreements with licensees, employees, third-party collaborators, and consultants who may have access to such information.
If these agreements are breached or our other protective measures should fail, then our contractual or other remedies may not be adequate to cover our losses. Some of our best-selling products have begun or are about to face significant competition due to the end of market exclusivity resulting from the expiry of patent or other intellectual property protection.
While there is currently no generic competition in the US, the EU or Japan for Sandostatin LAR, the long-acting version of Sandostatin that represents the majority of our Sandostatin sales, such generic competition may arise in the future. B Business overview—Innovative Medicines—Intellectual property.
In , we expect a potentially significant impact on our net sales from products that have already lost intellectual property protection, as well as products that will lose protection during the year. The magnitude of the impact of generic competition on our income could depend on a number of factors, including the time of year at which the generic competitor is launched; the ease or difficulty of manufacturing a competitor product and obtaining regulatory approval to market it; the number of generic competitor products approved, including whether, in the US, a single competitor is granted an exclusive marketing period; whether an authorized generic is launched; the geographies in which generic competitor products are approved, including the strength of the market for generic pharmaceutical products in such geographies and the comparative profitability of branded.
Clearly, with respect to major products for which the patent terms are expiring, the loss of exclusivity of these products could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations. In addition, should we unexpectedly lose exclusivity on additional products as a result of patent litigation or other reasons, this could also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations, both due to the loss of revenue and earnings, and the difficulties in planning for such losses. Our financial performance depends on the commercial success of key products.
Our financial performance, including our ability to replace revenue and income lost to generic and other competition and to grow our business, depends heavily on the commercial success of our products. If any of our major products were to become subject to problems such as changes in prescription growth rates, unexpected side effects, loss of intellectual property protection, supply chain issues or other product shortages, regulatory proceedings, changes in labeling, publicity affecting doctor or patient confidence in the product, material product liability litigation, or pressure from new or existing competitive products, the adverse impact on our revenue and profit could be significant.
In addition, our revenue and profit could be significantly impacted by the timing and rate of commercial acceptance of key new products. Products that compete with ours are launched from time to time.
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We cannot predict with accuracy the timing of the introduction of such competitive products or their possible effect on our sales. However, products significantly competitive to our major products — including Cosentyx, Lucentis, Gilenya, Sandostatin, Tasigna, Afinitor, Kisqali and Kymriah — are on the market, and others are in development. In addition, numerous companies from around the world are seeking to enter the healthcare field to take advantage of their expertise in digital and other new technologies.
Such competitive products could significantly affect the revenue from our products and our results of operations. This impact could also be compounded to the extent such competition results in us making significant additional investments in marketing and sales, or in research and development. For example, our US Sandoz business has suffered significant declines in sales and profits in recent years due, at least in part, to increased competition in its product segments. There can be no certainty that Sandoz US sales will recover in the coming years. In addition, despite the devotion of significant resources to our efforts to improve the performance of Sandoz US, those efforts may ultimately prove insufficient.
Should our efforts fail to accomplish their goals, or fail to do so in a timely manner, it could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition, or results of operations beyond the near term, as well. Our research and development efforts may not succeed. We engage in extensive and costly research and development activities, both through our own dedicated resources and through collaborations with third parties, in an effort to identify and successfully and cost-effectively develop new products that address unmet and changing medical needs, are accepted by patients and physicians, are reimbursed by payers, and are commercially successful.
Our ability to continue to maintain and grow our business; to replace sales lost due to competition, entry of generics or other reasons; and to bring to market products and medical advances that take advantage of new and potentially disruptive technologies, depends in significant part upon the success of these efforts. However, developing new healthcare products and bringing them to market is a highly costly, lengthy and uncertain process. In spite of our significant investments, there can be no guarantee that our research and development activities will produce commercially successful new products that will enable us to replace revenue and income lost to generic and other competition and to grow our business.
New products must undergo intensive preclinical and clinical testing, and must be approved by means of highly complex, lengthy and expensive approval processes that can vary from country to country.
During each stage, there is a substantial risk that we will encounter serious obstacles that will further delay us and add substantial expense, that we will develop a. These risks may include failure of the product candidate in preclinical studies, difficulty enrolling patients in clinical trials, clinical trial holds or other delays in completing clinical trials, insufficient clinical trial data to support the safety or efficacy of the product candidate or to differentiate our product candidate from competitors, delays in completing formulation and other testing and work necessary to support an application for regulatory approval, adverse reactions to the product candidate or other safety concerns, an inability to manufacture sufficient quantities of the product candidate for development or commercialization activities in a timely and cost-effective manner, and failure to obtain, or delays in obtaining, the required regulatory approvals for the product candidate or the facilities in which it is manufactured.
It is expected that a significant percentage of the current employees of the EMA will decide not to make the move to the Netherlands. This raises the possibility that new drug approvals in the EU could be delayed as a result. Further, in recent years, in order to achieve approvals of new products and new indications, governmental authorities around the world have increasingly required more clinical trial data than they had in the past, the inclusion of significantly higher numbers of patients in clinical trials, and more detailed analyses of the trials.
In addition, in order for a product to be reimbursed and to be commercially successful, payers and prescribers have increasingly required additional data that differentiates the product from other drugs on the market.